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英语考试四六级精选优秀试题详细讲解

更新时间:2012-2-26


一. 语音知识(共8小题;每题1.5分,共12分。)
在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
( )1. A. neighbour B. height C. weight D. eighty
( )2. A. official B. medicine C. pronunciation D. physicist
( )3. A. lecture B. recognize C. level D. recent
( )4. A. put B. push C. public D. pull
( )5. A. comfortable B. possible C. horrible D. constant
( )6. A. climb B. mind C. sign D. print
( )7. A. measure B. health C. theatre D. ready
( )8. A. hall B. shall C. fall D. small

二. 词汇知识(共12小题;每题1.5分,共18分。)
从每小题的四个选择项中,选出意思与句中划线部分最接近的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
( )9. These construction workers used to live in a tiny village in the mountains .
A. poor B. small C. distant D. shabby
( )10. Driving a car is not as difficult as you imagine , if you stick to the rules .
A. depend on B. understand C. turn to D. follow
( )11. In my opinion , the changing job market will cause people many difficulties .
A. overcome B. find C. take D. bring
( )12. Finally , he got a position as a teaching assistant .
A. job B. rank C. situation D. title
( )13. Since the two restaurants offer almost the same food and service , it doesn’t matter where you stop to eat .
A. prepare B. cook C. sell D. provide
( )14. Her parents wouldn’t allow her to stay out later than 10:30 at night .
A. require B. ask C. encourage D. permit
( )15. Margaret was so thirsty for news of her lost child that she was almost driven mad.
A. sorry B. anxious C. sad D. careful
( )16. Thousands of people suffered from the floods brought about by the storms.
A. were in danger of B. were killed by
C. experienced losses during D. were on guard against
( )17. After a day’s hard work , he appeared rather tired .
A. turned B. seemed C. came out D. looked around
( )18. Old John often says that he’d like to live by himself when he is retired .
A. separately B. lonely C. single D. alone
( )19. It is not polite to interrupt when someone is making a speech at a meeing like this .
A. stand by B. speak out C. cut in D. turn up
( )20. A man with such pride never quarrels with others in public .
A. in the open B. in society
C. in the newspaper D. in front of other people

三. 语法知识(共25小题;每题1.5分,共37.5分)
从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
( )21. Would you like a piece of cake ___________ your coffee ?
A. with B. to C. for D. in
( )22. Is it all right ________ I go with you to the exhibition on Friday , Pam ?
A. because B. whether C. when D. if
( )23. We can easily get from the computer _______ has been stored in it .
A. what B. that C. which D. anything
( )24. Try your best ________ you’ll certainly succeed this time .
A. so B. and C. or D. for
( )25. The city government must take action _________ the increasing population .
A. to control B. controlling C. controls D. controlled
( )26. The World Trade Center is higher than _______ I have ever seen during my visit .
A. any building B. any other building
C. all the buildings D. all of the building
( )27. It was a cold winter night , and there wasn’t anyone _______ the boy could turn to for help in the street .
A. that B. which C. whom D. what
( )28. All those ________ to go to the football match please raise your hands .
A. will wish B. wish C. wishing D. wished
( )29. I had a discussion with Mr Baker and hoped he _______ us an early reply .
A. would give B. give C. gave D. had given
( )30. Everything _______ if Albert hadn’t called the fire department immediately after the fire broke out .
A. would destroy B. would have destroyed
C. would be destroyed D. would have been destroyed
( )31. Now , many people use the word Ms instead of Miss or Mrs , for example , before the names of _______ in business letters .
A. woman manager B. women manager
C. woman managers D. women managers
( )32. I’m sure that he’ll appreciate the chance ________ to him . He really wants to visit your country .
A. to be given B. is given C. giving D. to give
( )33. ?Shall I tell Ann the test results ?
?No , you _________ . She’s already got the score report .
A. wouldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t
( )34. The musician , ________ for his splendid speech , was warmly received by the students .
A. known B. being known C. knowing D. having known
( )35. The last time I _______ her , she ________ at a medical college .
A. was visiting ; studied B. visited ; studies
C. visited ; was studying D. was visiting ; was studying
( )36. ?Sorry , I’m a little bit late .
?Oh , I _______ here just a few minutes .
A. have been B. had been C. am D. will be
( )37. Health experts in many countries still ________ their ideas about the relationships between our food and our health .
A. have tested B. tested C. are testing D. test
( )38. ?Jane wasn’t in when Jack came , was she ?
?_______ , but she returned a few minutes later .
A. No , she was B. No , she wasn’t
C. Yes , she was D. Yes , she wasn’t
( )39. The guests were ______ in the front rows _________ to the president attentively .
A. seating ; listened B. seating ; listening
C. seated ; listened D. seated ; listening
( )40. Hardly ________ the door when he rushed into the office out of breath .
A. I opened B. did I open C. I had opened D. had I opened
( )41. Some people hope to be more successful while ________ simply want to feel more comfortable .
A. the others B. others C. the other D. another
( )42. Some of his suggestions had been rejected ______ they were quite impracticable .
A. as B. when C. until D. if
( )43. He has already gone home . But before he left , he _______ all the mistakes in his translation .
A. had corrected B. has corrected
C. corrected D. would correct
( )44. ______ for several times . Bill made up his mind not to watch late night movies any more .
A. To be scolded B. To have been scolded
C. Being scolded D. Having been scolded
( )45. He was in poverty at the time . _______ he wouldn’t have accepted the money .
A. However B. Therefore C. Otherwise D. Then

四. 阅读理解(共15小题;每题3分,共45分)
阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。
A
Hugh Troy , a well-known artist , was a very interesting and clever person who spent most of his life playing tricks for the joy of it .
One winter in the 1920s , while a student at Cornell University in Ithaca , New York , Troy got hold of a very old and ugly wastebasket with a real rhinoceros (犀牛)foot as its base . He filled it with metal weights and tied 30 feet of clothes-line to either side . Late one night he and a friend carried it out onto campus (校园), pulling the lines straight between them. Every few feet they would lower it into the snow , their own footprints so far away as to raise no suspicions (怀疑).
The next morning someone noticed the prints and invited learned professors to come and have a look . Excitedly , they followed the rhinoceros tracks . Then they were led onto the ice covering Beeb Lake , which connected to where the school got its drinking water . There the tracks ended in a huge hole .
It was said that half the population of Cornell stopped drinking tap water . Those who continued to drink it insisted that it tasted like rhinoceros.
( )46. What was Troy doing when the story began ?
A. He was working as an artist .
B. He was studying in the university .
C. He was examining a rhinoceros foot .
D. He was doing rhinoceros experiments .
( )47. Why did Troy fill the basket with metal weights ?
A. Make it easy to tie the lines .
B. Get rid of these useless things .
C. Make it heavy enough for prints .
D. Support the base of the old basket .
( )48. Why did someone ask learned professors to examine the prints ?
A. They knew where the rhinoceros existed in winter .
B. They might be able to explain what had happened .
C. They were looking for this animal just then .
D. They enjoyed following animal tracks .
( )49. Troy wanted people to believe that a rhinoceros ________.
A. might appear on campus again .
B. might exist in this area all the time
C. had dug a hole for its winter home
D. had fallen into the lake through a hole

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